“NANOPARTICLE THEORY OF HOMEOPATHY” AND AVOGADRO NUMBER
What the IIT-B researchers said was that they could detect some nanoparticles of original drug substances “floating in the 1% top layer of potentized homeopathic drugs”. But what the homeopaths understood from that statement is that “potentized drugs contain nanoparticles”! And they started weaving fanciful theories about “nanoparticle” homeopathy to make it appear scientific!
Some of them even started writing books on “NANODYNAMICS” and “NANOPHARMACOLOGY” of homeopathy.
They never stopped a second to ponder how the particles detected to be “floating on 1%top layer of solutions” could work as active principles of the whole volume of the solutions! They forgot the simple fact that we use not only the “top 1%layer”, but even the last split drop of the solution, and we are getting expected therapeutic results. The most celebrated “nanoparticle theory” is obviously wrong.
Even if you argue that it is not the “top 1%layer” only, but the whole volume will be filled with nanoparticles, you will have to answer a few more questions. Where from this unlimited supply of nanoparticles comes in a dilution thousands of times above avogadro limit? Since the number of particles contained in a given quantity of substance by avogadro number, the particles present in a dilution will diminish by each successive dilution, and by crossing avogadro limit, it will be practically zero. Will you argue that new particles are generated by the process of potentization?
At this point, a prominent section of “nanoparticle homeopaths” start questioning the validity of avogadro number itself. They seem to think that it is their duty to ‘prove’ Avogadro number ‘wrong’, in order to prove that ‘homeopathy is not placebo’! They seem to fear that their whole justification of homeopathy would collapse if Avogadro is allowed to exist!
They ask: “Have you got ‘scientific evidence’ of avogadro’s constant?
Jean Perrin got nobel prize in physics in 1926 for his exhaustive work on avogadro constant. It was this French Physicist who in 1909 proposed naming the constant in honor of Avogadro. Perrin won the Nobel Prize for his monumental works in determining the Avogadro constant by several different methods.
The Avogadro constant is named after the early nineteenth-century Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro, who, in 1811, first proposed that the volume of a gas (at a given pressure and temperature) is proportional to the number of atoms or molecules regardless of the nature of the gas.
In chemistry and physics, the Avogadro constant is defined as the ratio of the number of constituent particles (usually atoms or molecules) in a sample to the amount of substance n (unit mole) . Thus, it is the proportionality factor that relates the molar mass of an entity, i.e., the mass per amount of substance, to the mass of said entity. The Avogadro constant expresses the number of elementary entities per mole of substance and it has the value 6.02214129(27)×10^23 mol. Changes in the SI units are proposed that will change Avogadro’s constant to to exactly 6.02214X×10^23 when it is expressed in the unit mol.
Avogadro number is used to calculate the number of molecules or atoms in a given quantity of any substance. It is defined that 1 gram mol of any substance will contain 6.022×10^23 numbers of its molecules. 1 gram mol is the molecular mass of a substance expressed in grams. Since molecular mass of hydrogen is 2, 2 grams of hydrogen constitutes 1 gram mol of hydrogen, and it will contrain 6.022×10^23 number of hydrogen nolecules. Molecular mass of oxygen is 32, and hence 32 gms of oxygen will contain 6.022×10^23 oxygen molecules. Molecular mass of water is 18, and hence 18 gms of water will contain 6.022×10^23 h2o molecules.
Molecular mass of carbon is 12, and hence 12 gms of carbon will contain 6.022×10^23 carbon molecules. In other words, 2 gms of hydrogen, 32 gms of oxygen, 18 gms of water and 12 gams of carbon will contain EQUAL NUMBER of molecules, which is a fixed number 6.022×10^23. It is obvious that number of molecules in equal quantities of different substances will be different depending upon their molecular mass. Larger the molecular mass, the lesser will be the number of molecules in a given quantity.
Whole scientific world utilizes this Avogadro constant in all calculations in physics and chemistry, and it is found correct.
But our ‘nanoparticle homeopaths’ will not believe in avogadro constant without ‘scientific evidence’! They think the swedish academy was mistaken by wrongly awarding nobel prize to Jean Perrin without enough ‘scientific evidence’ for his works on avogadro constant! I can only pity for these people calling themselves ‘physicians’, for their ignorance or closed mindedness, whatever it may be.
Most funny thing is, these people are never bothered about the ‘scientific evidences’ for those aphorisms in organon! They never ask for ‘scientific evidence’ for ‘miasms’ or ‘vital force’ or ‘similia similibus curentur’. They never ask for ‘scientific evidence’ for all those nonsense theories preached as part of homeopathy. They never ask for ‘scientific evidence’ for all those occult practices done by so-called homeopaths in the name of CAM!
But they want ‘scientific evidence’ for Avogadro’s Theory! They want ‘scientific evidence’ only when some body talks about some scientific ideas. They instantly will jump in to prove ‘science is unscientific’, and that ‘homeopathy is ultimate science’! They want ‘scientific evidence’ only to establish the ‘unscientificness of science’!
According to these ‘nanoparticle homeopaths’, If something is said in ‘organon’, or uttered by the ‘master’ or ‘stalwarts’, it should be accepted by all homeopaths as ‘ultimate science’- no ‘evidence’ needed! These are the people who represent homeopathy before the world. Most of the influential section of homeopathy try to propagate homeopathy that way. That is the reason why the scientific community perceive homeopathy as quackery and placebo.
It is a sheer waste of time to discuss science with this class of people. Nobody can convince them anything. But the sad thing is, we cannot ignore these intellectual morons, since they represent homeopathy before the general community and making it a subject of unending mockery.